When we practice basketball regularly, either as a hobby or as part of a team, a variety of fine and more complex moves come into play.
Our whole body participates in actions of any kind, where jumps, hand-to-hand disputes, changes of direction, runs from one field to another and also possible falls or blows received from other players predominate.
Therefore, the throws that are generated during each game can lead to instantaneous serious injuries or subsequent muscle problems in the lower or upper limb. However, within these varied possibilities there are a number of more frequent injuries that we explain below.
First, however, it should be noted that amateur athletes (those without physiotherapists, doctors, physical trainers or regular check-ups) are generally more likely to suffer from these problems. Professionals, on the other hand, are not so prone, although they can also have more significant mishaps.
TOP 12 BASKETBALL INJURIES
We developed this top with the most frequent injuries when playing basketball.
We will always recommend you good shoes and equipment, as well as warm up and stretch before physical exercise at high intensity. Better safe than sorry!
Injury: ANKLE STRETCH
All studies in both Europe and the US have shown that this is the leading basketball injury. It simply consists of an outward or inward movement of the foot that exceeds the stress on the ankle ligaments, causing injuries to them. Thus, with any action on the court this problem can appear.
The sprain can be of up to three different degrees of lesser to greater severity:
From a micro-crack due to excessive stretching but without breaking, to a complete rupture of the ligament, including a partial one.
Injury: TENDINOPATHY OF THE ROTULIAN TENDON
In the knee, this injury occurs when the patellar tendon (which joins the tibia to the kneecap) suffers a variety of symptoms that generate pain. Together with the other quadriceps tendon, the bone support of the knee suffers, stiffness appears and there are difficulties in stretching the leg. There is also a feeling of weakness, loss of balance, or even swelling in the affected lower knee.
The main cause is small, repeated injuries to the joint, especially when constantly jumping or running on hard surfaces, as well as severe direct blows. As you can read, these two reasons are very present in basketball.
Injury: Pain in the Tendon
This element serves as an insertion in the so-called sural triceps, formed by the soleus together with the inner and outer twins. It covers the entire deep plane of the rear leg area and its main function is to facilitate plantar flexion of the foot.
Thus, the injuries that the Achilles tendon can suffer are derived from a modification in the normal conditions of each contraction, the axis of traction or if there is a direct compression trauma.
Injury: Nicking the hand fingers
Obviously with this sprain we mean the hand, which is an essential part of the game. Thus, the interphalangeal joints, where there are up to three phalanges per finger, can suffer injuries to the ligaments.
In its three different degrees (from just sprain to breakage) stiffness, swelling and pain arise instantly and can even lead to a bruise.
The main cause is a blow or that the finger gets caught in an unnatural movement.
Injury: Finger Fracture
Similar to the previous one, but with the difference that there is a fracture in the bones and not in the ligaments, this injury appears with a strong impact, either against the ball, another player or the court.
This type of problem is almost unexpected, no matter how well we train every day.
Injury: Meniscus Injury
These discs of cartilaginous tissue are located below the knee joint (between the femur and the tibia) and act as shock absorbers. They can be torn as a common complaint.
In the case of a medial meniscus injury, the inner lateral ligament can also be damaged. If it is the lateral meniscus, however, no further damage is caused. Pain and instability are noticeable in these cases.
The main cause is usually a sudden or strange turn with the foot firmly on the ground.
Injury: Tendinopathy of the Femoral Quadriceps
When the tendon of this muscle is overloaded, tendinitis appears as a result of repeated movements or tension mechanisms, without the quadriceps having sufficient strength. The pain that occurs is on the kneecap after a contraction or elongation.
The best way to prevent this injury is with adequate warm-up on a routine basis.
Injury: Low Back Pain
This localised pain in the back at lumbar level can originate for various reasons, from neuralgic to bone. Therefore, any other injury to ligaments, muscles, vertebrae and, above all, to the discs of the spine, can cause low back pain.
Due to the propensity of athletes to suffer from it, it is very important that we train with adequate exercises.
Injury: Plantar fasciitis
It consists of a painful inflammation of the plantar fascia, which runs all the way down to the sole of the foot.
It can be caused mostly by running on hard surfaces or having too much tension in the Achilles tendon, among the possible causes of a basketball player. However, the frequent cause is the overload of the area, something that appears in many intense or longer than usual games.
Injury: Dislocated Shoulder
Shoulder dislocation injury can be caused by a fall to the ground with the hands resting, as the head of the humerus comes off the joint.
Injury: Muscle Injury in Twins and isshes
These minor injuries can also be caused by overloading or similar, but we must also take this into account.
The ischiosurales are formed by the femoral biceps, the semitendinosus and the semimembranous. Any of these muscles can be affected, although most injuries occur in the first mentioned.
Fatigue and lack of strength are again the cause. To prevent them, we recommend an effective warm-up and lots of stretching, before and after sport.
Prevention is better than cure!